For the first time, archaeological exploration of megalithic or megalithic cultural sites has taken place in Kaimur hill of Rohtas district of Bihar. In addition to the Nishad-vanshi tribes-Kharwar, Munda and Santhal, the Dravidian-origin Oraon tribe has been inhabited on Kaimur hill since ancient times. The Munda and Santhal branches of the Nishad-vanshis and the Dravidian-vanshi Oraon, the tradition of megalithic burial in the three tribes is from the time immemorial. This tradition continues even today. Therefore, the remains of the megalithic culture were inevitable in the Kaimur hills. In recent times, ‘Sangora tombs’ and ‘Stone pillars’ (Menhir) have been discovered from two sites in Kaimur hills of Bihar. Of these, five megalithic sites have been discovered from Rohtasgarh. There are many ‘Sangora Samadhis’ (Cairn circles) among them. There are also two pairs of ‘Stone pillars’ (Menhir) at two places here. There is a small chuchuk on the top of the pillars. The second megalithic cultural site, Hurmeta at Nauhatta block, has eight small and large stone pillars (Menhir). Earlier more than 30 stone pillars stood here. These were uprooted and used. It is estimated that these tombs are from 1500 BC to 500 BC. Convergence of these tombs in Kaimur hill is not only very important in the context of the archeology of Bihar, but it will prove to be a milestone for Indian archeology.
How to Reach:
Nearest airports are Patna, Varanasi and Gaya.
Nearest railway station is Sasaram (SSM).
Situated on NH2. Road connectivity from Patna, Ara, New Delhi, Kolkata, Ranchi etc.